Lily is a common name given to flowering plants belonging to the genus Lilium of the family Liliaceae. Lilies grow in Europe, North America, and Asia that have more than 100 species and many cultivated varieties. These are wonderful, long-lasting cut flowers that come in a variety of shades- white, pink, red, orange, and yellow.
History of Lilies
The origin of lily flower goes back to centuries ago. Read further to know how they have been treasured throughout history and celebrated as an important cultural symbol.
In Ancient Times:
In Greek mythology, the Lily was the flower of Hera, wife of Zeus. The legends have it that the lily was formed from the milk of her breast. However, in Roman mythology, Venus, the Goddess of beauty was so jealous of the flower’s white loveliness that she caused the pistil to grow from its center. The lily flower was considered sacred in the Minoan civilization where lilies were found in pictures in a villa in Crete.
In the Bible:
Lilies have religious significance as well, as they are mentioned in both the Old & New Testament. They are considered the symbol of purity and chastity in Christianity and became associated with the Virgin Mary. Lilies also hold great importance in Christian & Pagan traditions as they symbolize fertility.
History of Easter lily:
The Easter lily is also used to decorate churches during Easter. The flower received its name from the falling of the blood of the Christ when he was on the cross. While some legends say that where the blood fall from the cross, the flowers that bloom there are known as the Easter lily.
The Easter lily is native to Japan. In 1919, the Oregon soldier Louis Houghton returned home from World War I with Easter lily bulbs and shared them with fellow gardeners. The flower’s popularity grew quickly in the United States of America. But when World War II began, the lilies became scarce and expensive that lead to an increase in the American production of Easter lilies. According to the University of Nebraska, there were some 1200 lily bulb producers on the west coast by 1945.
During the Victorian era, European plant explorers discovered many new species of lily. Augustine Henry, an Irish doctor turned botanist was the first plant explorer who was inclined towards the search for these exotic flowers. The Henry’s lily or the orange Lilium henry II is named after him. An Englishman named E.H. Wilson was another famous plant explorer who found so many plants in China that he was nicknamed “Chinese Wilson”. The regal lily was one of his most notable discoveries.
History about Lily Hybridization:
Lilies were rare and difficult to grow before they were extensively hybridized. Jan de Graaff was a native of Holland who was responsible for many of the lily hybrids. He began his first lily experiments in 1938. In 1941, he produced Enchantment, a coral-color, upward-facing lily that was called “the most famous hybrid lily of all time” by Horticulture Magazine.
Medicinal Uses of Lilies in History:
The medical texts from Elizabethan-era recommend that lily was used to treat fever, wounds, and arthritis. For a long time, the lily bulbs have been used in cooking in China. They are also the most commonly used ingredient in cooking in Shanghai.
The Symbolism of the Lily:
Lilies are also considered the symbol of purity & abundance. Therefore, when Greek women are married, they wear a crown of lilies and wheat that implies purity and abundance. Lilies are also a symbol of death and in the past, people used to sprinkle them on the graves of children and the martyrdom of Saints.
1. Reduces Scars:
An ointment made of lily of valley is used for treating burns and other wounds without leaving any scars. It is also helpful in healing the scar tissues quickly and effectively.
2. Lightens Skin Tone:
The flowers of this herb are infused with water to prepare a tonic called Aqua Aurea. This tonic has been used for skin lightening from medieval times. It acts as a skin astringent too.
3. Heart Diseases:
Lily of the valley is known as a cardiac tonic. This herb is safer for the treatment of heart ailments of elderly people than digitalis or foxglove. It is combined with hawthorn and motherwort for these purposes.
It also helps to treat valvular heart disease, cardiac debility, dropsy and congestive heart failure. The flavonoids present in the herb stimulate the arteries, help in dilation of blood. Its diuretic properties help in lowering the blood pressure level.
It is also useful in the treatment of arrhythmia as it increases the muscular action of the heart while at the same time slowing down and regulating the heartbeat rate.
[ Read: Health Benefits Of Banana Flowers ]
4. Mental Problems:
Legends say that if a person puts the oil of lily of valley on his forehead, it would impart common sense into him! Now, without being superstitious, we can safely say that the oil of this flower does help ease mental problems. The essential oil of lily of valley is used in aromatherapy to treat headaches, depression, and melancholy.
It can also be used to treat memory loss, apoplexy and epilepsy. It is used to strengthen the brain cells and improve the cognitive processes of the brain.
5. Treatment Of Chronic Lung Diseases:
This herb is used for the treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD) like emphysema and asthma. It is also used to make medicines for pulmonary edema, which if not treated leads to congestive heart failure.
6. Treatment Of Angina Pectoris:
Lily of the valley is used to lessen chest pain caused by spasms of the coronary arteries and by lack of oxygen in the heart muscle.
7. Antipyretic Properties:
Lily of valley decreases heat production in the body by reducing circulation rate. It is also used to treat fever.
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8. Treatment Of Urinary Tract Infection:
The tincture prepared with lily of valley flowers is used to treat UTI as it cleans obstructions from the urethra.
9. Keep Digestion Healthy:
This herb is known to be used as a substitute for aloes because of its purgative and laxative qualities. This in turn keeps the body’s digestive process smooth.
10. Other benefits:
Other benefits of the lily of the valley include:
- Breaks down kidney stones.
- Prevents water retention in the body.
- Reduces pain associated with joint problems like gout and rheumatism.
- Treats conjunctivitis.
- Essential oil is used to treat paralysis, shock, and speech loss.
- Helps to treat leprosy and swelling.
- Treats poisoning and alcoholism by causing vomiting.
- Irregular heartbeat.
- Heart failure and other heart problems.
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs).
- Kidney stones.
- Weak contractions in labor.
- Fluid retention.
- Infection of eye (conjunctivitis).
- Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of lily-of-the-valley for these uses